DANIEL'S SEVENTY WEEKS
'sevens' are decreed for your people and your holy city to finish
transgression, to put an end to sin, to atone for wickedness, to bring in
everlasting righteousness, to seal up vision and prophecy and to anoint
the most holy.
understand this: From the issuing of the decree to restore and rebuild
Jerusalem until the Anointed One, the ruler, comes, there will be seven
'sevens,' and sixty-two 'sevens'. It will be rebuilt with streets and a
trench, but in times of trouble. 26After the sixty-two
'sevens', the Anointed One will be cut off and will have nothing. The
people of the ruler who will come will destroy the city and the sanctuary.
The end will come like a flood: War will continue until the end, and
desolations have been decreed. 27He will confirm a covenant
with many for one 'seven'. In the middle of the 'seven' he will put an end
to sacrifice and offering. And on a wing of the temple he will set up an
abomination that causes desolation, until the end that is decreed is
poured out on him."
Daniel was one of God's great prophets. He was a slave
and servant of Nebuchadnezzar during the Babylonian captivity. He was
confronted by many temptations that might entice lesser men away from God.
Although he faithfully served Nebuchadnezzar and his successors, he never
compromised his God. Faced by death on numerous occasions unless he turned
from God, he stood firm. Because of Daniel's tremendous faith, God used
Daniel in powerful ways, particularly in revealing many things to anyone
who would seek the truth concerning future events C
especially the Last Days.
Insight and UnderstandingCDaniel
One day, while Daniel was interceding with the Lord in
prayer about Israel's captivity, and confessing both the sin of Israel and
of himself, Gabriel came to him and said "Daniel, I have now come
to give you insight and understanding." Insight and understanding
about what?? About Israel and the Jews, for that was what Daniel had been
praying about! In Daniel 9:24-27 Gabriel proceeded to give Daniel one of
the most intriguing visions given any prophet; one that provides a
critical key to understanding all future prophecy from a named time
The key to understanding this prophecy is that the 70
weeks are not literal weeks, but rather are years. Therefore, 70 weeks of
years represent a time period of 490 years, during which the following
will occur for Daniel's people, the Jews, and his holy city, Jerusalem:
The anointed one will be cut off.
There will be an atonement for wickedness.
The power of sin will be ended.
Everlasting righteousness will be ushered in.
All visions and prophecies will be sealed up (fulfilled).
The most holy will be anointed.
and sanctuary destroyed.
Covenant confirmed with the Jews for 7 years.
- b Middle of the
7 years "he" will put an end to sacrifice and offering
and establish the abomination that causes desolation.
b_ The Jew's
transgression will be finished.
Have these prophecies already been fulfilled or are
they yet future? Let's take a look.
of Daniel 9:24
The Finishing of
The first of these C
the finishing of transgression C
appears that it is being fulfilled before our very eyes! From the time
Israel entered the promised land God warned of the severe judgments that
would befall the Israelites if they turned from Him and followed their own
way (Deuteronomy 28). Even then, God clearly foretold of the Babylonian
captivity (Deuteronomy 28:36-37) in which Daniel now found himself.
Babylon was an unknown nation to Moses's forefathers, and is the root of
wood and stone are godCthat
forms the basis of the new age movement today. And Babylon forced the
exile of the Jews to many 'nation cities' under Babylonian control.
But the Jewish exile by Babylon is nothing compared to
God's final warning. If Israel did not follow God, He would scatter them
among the nations from 64"one end of the earth to the
other", where they will have 65"no resting
place for the sole of (their) foot. There the Lord will give
(them) an anxious mind, eyes that are weary with longing, and with a
despairing heart". At the very end God foretold that Israel will 66"live
in constant suspense, filled with dread both night and day, never sure of
your life. 67In the morning you will say, 'If only it were
evening!' and in the evening, 'If only it were morning!'C
because of the terror that will fill your hearts and the sights your eyes
Israel forgot God's warning, and though there were
brief times of repentance, their transgressions eventually brought God to
fulfill His warning; Israel was scattered throughout the world. Since the
crucifixion of Christ, the prophecy in Deuteronomy 28:64-65 has been
literally and graphically fulfilled.
This prophetic fulfillment began in AD 70 when Titus
crushed the Jewish rebellion and destroyed Jerusalem and the Temple. Rome
dispersed most of the Jews throughout the world over the next 100 years,
often through slavery. For the past 1900 years persecution, suffering and
sorrow has followed them wherever they settled. Within a few generations
of settling in a new region, horrible affliction and distress once again
found them, forcing them to move on to yet another land.
The holocaust suffered by the Jews in World War II has
been but one example of the unending persecution the Jews have endured
during their 1,880 year exile. During this time history reveals they have
been an 'anxious', 'weary', and 'despairing' people having 'no resting
place'. They have 'longed' to return to their promised land. For centuries
their rallying cry has been "Next year in Jerusalem!"
|The seventy-weeks of years (The Daniel
Template) is one of the most amazing prophecies in the Bible. It
reveals with stunning accuracy everything that God was going to do
with the Israelites through history from March 14, 445 BC until the
crucifixion of Christ. There is one more week that needs to be
fulfilled. It is called the tribulation and it will last seven
years. The tribulation period is the last seven years that God deals
with his chosen people before Jesus returns in glory to judge the
nations. During this time the Jews will finally accept Christ as
their Savior. It will start with the signing of the
"covenant" by the world system and Israel. Most likely it
will be a peace covenant.
That should have been the end of the Jews,
but God is a God of mercy and compassion. Though Israel was not faithful,
God is. It is an awesome miracle that the Jews even survived as a 'people'
through their 1900 years of exile and persecution! Most other nations in
existence at the time the Jews were dispersed have since lost their
original identity-- even when they were not conquered and dispersed! For a
people to be pushed hither and yon, forced to live in other cultures,
viciously persecuted and slaughtered for nearly two thousand years, and
still maintain their national identity is impossible! Yet that is exactly
what happened, because it was in God's plan.
For 1,880 years the Jews were a people of
sorrow--a people who had no home. Yet, with the promise of judgment, God
also made an incredible promise to bring Israel back, as a people, to her
homeland: 3"...the Lord your God will restore your
fortunes and have compassion on you and gather you again from all the
nations where he scattered you. 4Even if you have been banished
to the most distant land under the heavens, from there the Lord your God
will gather you and bring you back. 5He will bring you to
the land that belonged to your fathers, and you will take possession of it."
(Deuteronomy 30:3-5, emphasis mine).
Until World War I skeptics repeatedly
denounced these prophecies. No one could envision anything that would ever
permit the Jews to return to Israel. However, on May 14th, 1948, Israel
became a nation for the first time in nearly 1,880 years! Our generation
has been witness to one of the most powerful and unbelievable fulfillment
of prophecy since the crucifixion and resurrection of Jesus Christ. Yet
most people, not even Christians, recognize it!
Daniel's first prophetic point -- the
finishing of the transgression -- is not yet totally fulfilled, but it is
happening! The Jews have not yet recognized Christ as their Messiah. They
are as carnally minded as the rest of the heathen world. Many cite the
unfair treatment of the native Palestinians by Israel as one example.
Because Israel has not recognized Christ as the Messiah, many discount
God's involvement in bringing the Jews back to their land. But bringing
His people back to their homeland has nothing to do with fairness.
God never made any claims He would be
'fair', only 'just'. God did not bring the Jews home because of their
goodness and faithfulness, but rather "for the sake of (his)
holy name, which you (the Jews) have profaned
among the nations" (Ezekiel 36:22, emphasis mine). God did not
bring them back because they deserved it, but because He promised
He would! If God's love for us depended on whether we deserved it,
Christ's sacrifice would have been in vain--we can never be 'good enough'
to deserve God's love and forgiveness. Likewise, He must bring His people
back--not because they deserve it--but to protect His holy name! He could
not be a just God otherwise. This great homecoming and its consequences
will be discussed in greater detail in future lessons.
In spite of nearly two thousand years of
persecution and sorrow, Deuteronomy 28:66-67 has only been partly
fulfilled. The Jews have one more time of judgment to endure. God warned
that after He brings His people back from captivity, there would be a time
of great trouble unlike anything that had ever been experienced before
(Jeremiah 30:1-7). It is called Jacob's Trouble. Jesus calls it the Great
Tribulation (Matthew 24:21).
Yet, as horrible as it will be, it will be
a time of hope for Israel as well. For they will finally recognize Jesus
Christ as their long-awaited Messiah. But even during these horrible days
God promises them there is no reason to fear. He will be with them and
will save them by destroying all the nations amongst which they were
scattered (Jeremiah 30:8-11)! Then will the transgression be finished!
End of Sin and Atonement for Wickedness
Daniel's second and third prophetic
points--the end of sin and atonement for wickedness--came with the cross.
Sin can be defined in many ways, but can be summed up as
"lawlessness" (1 John 3:4). Sin is the deliberate, knowing
disobedience of God's Law and Truth, and is born in a desire to rebel
against God. Satan, in his desire to exalt himself above God, is the
ultimate example of rebellion and lawlessness. But each man or woman also
has this power working within them: 18"For I have the
desire to do what is good (God's law), but I cannot carry it out. 19For
what I do is not the good I want to do; no, the evil I do not want to
do--this I keep on doing. 20Now if I do what I do not want to
do, it is no longer I who do it, but it is sin living in
me that does it." (Romans 7:18-20)
It is the power of sin--that desire to
rebel against God and be outside of God's Law–that
is the downfall of each man or woman. It is what caused Israel to go
astray. The siren song of sin starts small but feeds on itself and grows
until it dominates our desires. A little tolerance here, a bigger
rationalization there. Before we know it, we are seeking after our own
desires rather than seeking and trusting in God. Therefore God has to
judge us. Although God is 'longsuffering', He would not be 'just' if He
did not follow through with judgment.
God must judge sin, and the punishment of
sin is death! (Romans 6:23) But God is a God of love, mercy, and
compassion (1 John 4:9-10,16-17; Deuteronomy 4:31). God loves us so much
that He sent a proxy–His only Son, Jesus
Christ–to receive the judgment we all deserve.
Born a Jew, Jesus was the perfect sacrifice. There is no man that has
walked this earth that has not sinned-save Jesus (Romans 3:9-20; Hebrews
4:15). Though Jesus shared in our humanity, though He was made of flesh
and blood and is like us in every way, and though He suffered when He was
tempted, Jesus, unlike us, never sinned!
The man who knew no sin was the only
sacrifice acceptable to God for an atonement for our sins. It is by His
blood that we are washed clean of sin (John 3:16; Ephesians 1:7, 2:13;
Hebrews 9:12,14). This forgiveness of sins and salvation from God's
judgment comes only through Jesus: "for there is no other
name under heaven given to men by which we must be saved"
(Acts 4:12). It is only if "you confess with your mouth,
'Jesus is Lord,' and believe in your heart that God raised him from the
dead, will you be saved. For it is with your heart that you
believe and are justified, and it is with your mouth that you confess and
are saved" (Romans 10:9-10, emphasis mine).
Jesus is the fulfillment of God's promise
in Daniel 9:24 for the atonement of wickedness or sin (Hebrews 2:17).
Jesus is also the only way to be set free from the power of sin (Romans
6:22; 8:1-2). There are many in the world today who claim to have found
other ways. But Jesus himself proclaimed that "I am the way and
the truth and the life. No one comes to the Father except through me"
(John 14:6) There is no other way to God than Jesus. Jesus warns not to be
deceived by those claiming to be the way. (Luke 21:8). There is only one
way to God, and that is by the acceptance of Jesus Christ as your personal
Lord and Savior, with a desire to serve Him obediently!
If you have not yet accepted Jesus Christ
as your Lord and Savior, and want to escape God's soon to come Judgments,
go to http://www.campuscrusade.com/fourlawseng.htm.
Accepting Jesus Christ as your Savior and LORD is the most important
decision you will ever make in your life. Walking out that decision
will not be easy, but will be the most rewarding and gratifying decision
you will ever make in your life! Do it now!
Jesus, then, has fulfilled that part of
Daniel 9:25 dealing with the atonement for wickedness. To this date,
however, Jesus has only partially fulfilled that prophecy concerning
"putting an end to sin." Through the power of the Holy Spirit,
those that have accepted Jesus as their Lord and Savior are no longer
controlled by sin (Romans 8:2-17). But sin still exists in the world. This
prophecy will not be completely fulfilled until Satan, the author of lies,
rebellion, and death is thrown into the Lake of Fire. And this won't
happen until after the Millennium (Revelation 20:7-15). Only at that time
will everlasting righteousness be established, and the Holy
City, the new Jerusalem, become as a bride of Christ (Revelation
21:2). Only at that time will all visions and prophecy be
sealed up and completely fulfilled. Only in the last days will the
most holy be anointed. All end-time prophecy must in some way be
related to the fulfillment of God's purpose as revealed to Daniel!
Timing of These Prophecies
We know that the total time of Daniel's
seventy weeks is 490 years. The key is establishing the date when this
period begins. In Daniel 9:25 Gabriel reveals to Daniel that "from
the issuing of the decree to restore and rebuild Jerusalem...."
this then establishes the time the 490 year period starts. All we need to
do is find out when the decree to restore and rebuild Jerusalem was given
following their Babylonian exile. This decree was made possible by Cyrus,
the Medo-Persian king who conquered Babylon in 539 BC (see chart 1).
Unfortunately, there are three decrees that might fulfill this date:
14, 445 BC
Of those possibilities Ezra 1:1-4 focuses on
rebuilding the temple, while Ezra 7:11-26 is concerned with the
establishment of proper services and sacrifices. Only Nehemiah 2:1-8,
during the reign of king Artaxerxes of the Medio Persian Empire, provides
both a date and is concerned with the rebuilding of the city of Jerusalem.
While there is considerable disagreement amongst expositors, 445 BC will
be used in this example.
The seven 'sevens' concerns the rebuilding
of Jerusalem. Daniel 9:25 clearly states that Jerusalem will not only be
rebuilt during the first 49 years, but that there will be much trouble
(opposition) during the reconstruction. Nehemiah 2-6 details this
construction and that it was undertaken under heavy and continuous
opposition! The only date of completion is when the wall were
completed on the twenty-fifth of Elul (September 11th-no year
was given [Nehemiah 6:15]); when the Israelites settled in their towns by
the 1st day of the seventh month (September 17 [Nehemiah
7:73-8:2]), and when the Israelites confessed their sins on the 24th
day of the same month (October 11 [Nehemiah 9:1-2]). Though no exact year
can be determined, it seems probable that the city was rebuilt and
reoccupied in 49 years as Daniel had predicted (see chart 1).
Weeks-Christ's Crucifixion Foretold-Daniel 9:26
The most astonishing prophecy was given by
Gabriel in Daniel 9:26: "after the sixty-two 'sevens', the
anointed one will be cut off and will have nothing." A total of
69 weeks of years elapse between the decree to rebuild Jerusalem and the
anointed one is cut off. That represents 69 x 7=483 years . 445 BC -
483yrs=37 AD (BC 1 to AD 1 is one year). While not exact, this is too
close to the time Christ was crucified for there to be any doubt that the
anointed one is Jesus, and threat being "cut off" is his
crucifixion! This is even more apparent when it is understood that the
Hebrew word used for the "anointed one" is 'mashia',
which also means messiah!
Sir Robert Anderson (2)
provides even stronger evidence of Christ's fulfillment of this prophecy
using what he calls a prophetic calendar. Daniel 7:25; 9:27, 12:7, along
with Revelation 11:2; 12:3,6,12; and 13:5 reveals that Daniel's
"time, times and half a time" is 3½ years, and is equivalent to
the same expression used in Revelation 12:14. This appears to be equal to
either 42 months or 1260 days in Revelation 12:6; 11:2,3; and 13:5. Rather
than a variable calendar month then, a prophetic month equals 30 days or
360 days per prophetic year, rather than 365. The date resulting from
March 14, 445 BC plus 483 prophetic years is April 6, 32 AD, the exact
date some scholars believe Christ was crucified! (see chart 1).
Most biblical scholars believe, however,
that Christ was crucified in AD 30, not AD 32, if so , the starting date
could be 458 (Ezra 7:11-26). AD 458 minus 483 years would be AD 26, the
year of Christ's baptism. So even if the other probable starting date is
used, the date computed would fall between 25 and 37 AD. Furthermore,
verse 26 also makes it very clear that the anointed one will be "cut
off" before Jerusalem and the temple (sanctuary) are destroyed by
Rome (the people of the ruler), both of which happened during the siege of
Titus in AD 70 (chart 1). It would be just too much of a coincidence for
this dating to be random chance. If there is an error, it is likely to be
in establishing the exact year of the starting date from fragmentary
historical data, rather than in Daniel's 69 weeks.
Sixty-nine of the seventy weeks of
Daniels's time table are now completed. This leaves one week (7 Years) to
be fulfilled sometime in the future. This will be the seven year
Last week - Daniel 9:26-27
Considerable controversy exists about when
the last "weeks" of years occurs. Since this controversy is
critical to the proper understanding of Revelation and other prophesies,
the alternative interpretations are important to review. The problem
centers on who the "he" is in verse 27.
"He" in Daniel 9:27--Christ and/or Titus
How the "he" in Daniel 27 is
defined depends largely upon presuppositions of the end times and the
millennium. For instance, those holding amillennim and postmillenium views
generally believe Christ has completed His earthly mission in the first
advent and it will be the Church that triumphs over the world before
Christ returns. Variations of amillennial theology dominated Christian
thinking from about the 3rd Century A.D. to the middle of the
19th Century, when a resurgence of literal
Biblical interpretation began to discredit it.(3)
While postmillennians believe we
have already gone through the Millennium, amillennians believe there is no
past or future Millennium -- prophecy is not to be taken literally.
Amillennians also usually believe that the Church has replaced Israel as
God's chosen people and there is no future role for Israel. The seventieth
week in Daniel 9:27 was fulfilled by Christ in the first 3½ years. The
latter 3½ years of the last week was fulfilled by general events of
history.(4) The Covenant that is mentioned
in Daniel 9:27 is supposedly one of grace.
is fraught with difficulties, however. Christ cannot be the "he"
because (1) Christ did not establish a covenant, rather He fulfilled the
covenant originally made by the Father, (2) Grace did not terminate at the
end of the 7 years but continues forever,(3) Christ's ministry does not
fit the context of the 70th week, (4) The timing of all these
events occurred over 40 years, not seven, and (5) According to Daniel 9:26
the Anointed One was not "cut off" in
the 70th "seven"; He was cut off after the 7
and 62 "sevens" had run their course. (5),(6)
Amillenialists slough off these glaring discrepancies by symbolizing or
otherwise not taking prophecy literally.
Other scholars, especially the
postmillennists and post tribulationists, offer a variation of this.
Postribulationists theology holds that the rapture, if there is one,
occurs at the end of the Tribulation, but before the Millennium. These
scholars claim that the first "he" of Daniel 27 is Christ, but
the second and third "he" is Titus, the Roman general who
destroyed Jerusalem in A.D. 70. As with the amillennians, however, such an
interpretation must assume that Daniel, who was well schooled, made a
horrible mistake in grammar. These scholars believe the first
Christ, despite the fact that this "he" grammatically follows
the "prince that shall come," or the little horn/Antichrist.
These scholars also generally
claim that Josephus records that Titus did, in fact, desolate the Temple
thereby fulfilling Daniel 9:27,
"And now the Romans, upon
the flight of the seditious into the city, and upon the burning of the
holy house itself, and of all the buildings lying round about it, brought
their ensigns to the temple, and set them over against its eastern gate;
and there did they offer sacrifices to them and there did they make Titus
imperator [emperor], with the greatest acclamations of joy."(7)
This interpretation is further
supported, these scholars claim, by the King James Version (KJV) of 9:27
which concludes that the city or people of Jerusalem is the entity
desolated, not the little horn/Antichrist, "27...and
for the overspreading of abominations he shall make it [the Temple]
desolate, even until the consummation [end], and that determined
shall be poured upon the desolate."
The destruction of the city and its inhabitants is exactly what happened
in A.D. 70. Therefore, these scholars assert, Daniel 9:27 was fulfilled in
the siege of Jerusalem by Titus.
However, why would Daniel repeat in 9:27
what had already been explained in greater detail in verse 26 about the
city's destruction, "26...and the people of the prince
that shall come shall destroy the city and the sanctuary; and the end
thereof shall be with a flood, and unto the end of the war desolations are
This description is exactly what happened after the death of
Christ, which according to verse 26 happened in the 69th week
of Daniel's prophecy, not the 70th as is the case for Daniel
Further, the word "desolate" at
the end of verse 9:27 (KJV) is
the Hebrew root word shamem in the KJV. However, the earliest
Hebrew scrolls use the Polel derivative Me shamem,
which is most accurately translated as "the one who causes
desolation," "horror-causer" or "desolator" which
more naturally fits the context of the Daniel 9:27.(8),
(9), (10) In other words,
it is the little horn or the Antichrist whose end is predetermined, not
the city! In a twist of irony, the King James version is not entirely
incorrect, since the City of Jerusalem will be captured and ransacked
(though not desolated) once again in the last 3½ years of the
More on that later.
While it is true that the
ensigns (the various standards and emblems brought into battle) cited by
Josephus were considered holy to the Romans, the worshiping of the ensigns
occurred at the Temple's eastern gate, after the Temple was
burned and looted, not in the holiest of holies. This interpretation also
conflicts with Matthew 24:15 and Mark 13:14 which warns the saints to flee
to the mountains when they see the "abomination of desolation"
standing in the holy place. By the time the Romans worshiped the ensigns
in A.D. 70, it was far, far to late for anyone to flee to the mountains
from Jerusalem. Much of population of Jerusalem was already dead.
Although Josephus must be
considered a biased source, he does make it very clear that Titus made
every effort not to defile or destroy the Temple during the siege of
Jerusalem in A.D. 70. Why? Because Titus "desired he would not defile
the temple, nor thereby offend against God."(12)
His pleas were ignored by the Jewish Zealots and Titus became deeply
disturbed by the growing heaps of bodies that had piled up in the Temple,
over which both armies had to crawl to fight. Titus challenged the Jews a
second time, "Why do you trample upon the dead bodies in this temple?
And why do you pollute this holy house with the blood both of foreigners
and Jews themselves?... [Know] that I do not force you to defile this your
sanctuary; and if you will but change the place whereon you will fight, no
Roman shall either come near your sanctuary, or offer any affront to it;
nay, I will endeavour to preserve you your holy house."(13)
In spite of the pleas by Titus,
the Jews entrenched themselves ever deeper in the Temple, thereby
desecrating even further. Ironically, it was the Jews that polluted the
Temple, not the Romans. As astonishing, it was the Jews, not the Romans
who actually were the first ones to set the Temple on fire in an attempt
to stop the Romans. Josephus notes that "even when it was in their
[the Jews] power to have stopped the fire, nay, they lay still while the
temple was first set on fire, and deemed this spreading of the fire to be
for their own advantage."(14) Even
when Titus attempted to put out the fire to "spare a foreign
temple", the Jews fought to stop the Romans, forcing Titus to
ultimately treat the Temple as a citadel.(15)
To the very end Titus attempted
to save the Temple, when finally, in a uncharacteristic fluke of battle,
Titus lost control of his men and they burned the holies of holies and
plundered the Temple. The Temple had already been desecrated and destroyed
by the Jews themselves by time the Romans raised their ensigns at the East
In short, the attempt to force
the "he's" in Daniel 9:27 to mean Christ or Titus, fail almost
every test of grammar, context and history.
"He" in Daniel 9:27--The Little Horn The
"He" in Daniel 9:27--The Little Horn - Antichrist
Only one other interpretation of
Daniel 9:27 is possible--one that is generally supported by premillennium/pretribulation
scholars. Premillennians believe the Millennium is yet to occur and is
preceded by the 7 year Tribulation. Pretribulationists are also
premillennians believe the Church will be raptured, or be taken out of the
world to meet Christ in the air, before the Tribulation.
Premillennium theology holds
that there is a break in time between the 69th and 70th
week of Daniel's 70 Weeks of Years. Since Daniel is prophesying about his
people (Dan. 9:24), the Jews, and since the Jews were scattered among the
nations in A.D. 70 following the fall of Jerusalem, there is nothing more
to prophesy about until God brings them back from the nations and the last
week begins in verse 27. Nearly nineteen hundred years of church history
are totally ignored. Why? Because it has nothing to do with Jewish
history! The only thing mentioned is that there will be many wars
continuing through the period, accompanied by desolations.
The last seven years of man's
history dealing with Israel starts in the last sentence of verse 26. The
end (or last week) will begin suddenly and unexpectedly (like an flood).
We will later determine that the 'he" in verse 27 is the 'beast' as
used in both Daniel and Revelation. Although he is never identified in
scripture as such, the present-day popular name for this man is known as
the Antichrist. We learn in verse 27 that at the beginning of the seven
year period the beast, or Antichrist, will make a covenant with many,
including Israel, for seven years. Although the content of the covenant is
not defined in this passage, other scripture reveals it to be a promise of
peace. The signing of this treaty will most likely mark the beginning of
the seven year countdown!
If the last week of Daniel is
nearly upon us, then the Antichrist must be alive today! Who is he? Why
can't we identify him? Many have, in fact, tried to do just that. However,
such speculation is fruitless and can be very misleading, if not damaging.
When it is time for him to be revealed, God will allow it; not before!
More will be discussed on this in Lesson 3 and 4. Daniel 11:38, however,
suggests that he is a Jew, but will hide that fact, while Revelation 13:1
implies he will come from a nation surrounding the Mediterranean sea.
Beyond this sketchy information, little is known.
In the middle of the seven year
period something will happen to cause the Antichrist to break the treaty
and stop the daily sacrifices and set up an abomination
that causes desolation. The 'something' is likely the acceptance by Israel
of Christ as the Messiah (Zechariah 12:10-11; Revelation 12:12-17), and
the abomination is probably the image of the little horn/Antichrist that
everyone must worship (Revelation
13:14-15). This will continue until the end, when God's wrath is poured
out on him on the seventh year.
Two very significant facts must
exist for these things to happen. First, the Jews must be back in their
promised land for them to sign a treaty with the Antichrist! Second, the
temple must be rebuilt in order for the sacrifice to end and the
abomination to be set up. As noted earlier, Until World War I many
skeptics used these as reasons why prophecies were not correct. After all,
the chance that the Jews would be able to return home as a nation was next
to zero. But with God all things are possible, and there is no way man can
stop God from fulfilling His word! And His word tells us that He would
bring the Jews back to the promise land! How God accomplished this is
1. Who was the audience that
Gabriel was speaking to through Daniel in the prophecy of the 70 weeks?
Why is this important?
2. What evidence is there that
supports the idea that each week is equivalent to seven years, and that
the 70 weeks equals 490 years?
3. Gabriel provided Daniel with
very specific events that would occur during this 490 years. What are they
and why are they relevant to the Christian? The Jew?
4. What is the difference
between amillennialism, premillennism, postribulation, and pretribulation?
Why do these viewpoints often affect how one interprets Daniel 9?
4. Why doesn't the "70
weeks" prophecy include the Church era? Is this logical, considering
audience to whom Michael was giving the prophecy?
5. Have all of these events
happened yet? If not what still needs fulfillment?
6. What event will likely signal
the start of the last week or seven years? What things must happen before
the last week starts?
1. There is no disagreement among scholars on this
point, so further evidence will not be presented.
2. The Coming Prince. (London: Hodden and
Stoughton, 1895), pp 51-129. A more abbreviated account is found
in:McClain, Alva J. Daniels's Prophecy of the Seventy Weeks. Grand
Rapids: Zondervan Publishing House, 1940
3. John F. Walvoord. Major Bible Prophecies.
(Grand Rapids, MI., Zondervan Publishing House, 1991) Pp. 60-61, 66-68,
114-115, 166-168, 172-173, 184-188.
4. Ibid, p 172.
5. John F. Walvoord, and Zuck, Roy B., The Bible
Knowledge Commentary, (Wheaton, Illinois: Scripture Press Publications,
Inc.) 1983, 1985.
6. John F. Walvoord. Major Bible Prophecies., p 173.
7. William Whiston, A.M. Josephus, Complete Works. (Kregel
Publications, Grand Rapids, MI, 1981). Pp 583.
8. R. Laird Harris, Gleason L. Archer, Jr. Bruce K.
Waltke, Theological Wordbook of the Old Testament. (Moody Bible Institute,
Chicago, 1980). Vol II, 936.
9. Enhanced Strong's Lexicon, (Oak Harbor, WA: Logos
Research Systems, Inc.) 1995.
10. J.P. Green, Sr. The Interlinear Bible;
Hebrew-Greek-English. (Lafayette, IN: Sovereign Grace Publishers, 1986),
11. Zechariah 14:1-2
12. Ibid, p 574.
13. Ibid, p 575.
14. Ibid, p 577.
15. Ibid, p 579.